About the City-Guangzhou


Located in the south-central portion of Guangdong, Guangzhou spans from 112° 57' to 114° 03' E longitude and 22° 26' to 23° 56' N latitude. The city is part of the Pearl River Delta and the city centre is situated next to the Baiyun Mountain, which is locally referred to as the lung of the city (市肺). The total area under the city's administration is 7,434.4 square kilometres (2,870.4 sq mi), with the 10 districts occupying 3,843.43 square kilometres (1,483.96 sq mi), or 51.7% of the total, while the two county-level cities occupy the rest.


The elevation of the prefecture generally increases from southwest to northeast, with mountains forming the backbone of the city, and the ocean comprising the front.


Located just south of the Tropic of Cancer, Guangzhou has a humid subtropical climate (K?ppen Cfa) influenced by the East Asian monsoon. Summers are wet with high temperatures, high humidity and a high heat index. Winters are mild and comparatively dry. Guangzhou has a lengthy monsoon season, spanning from April through September. Monthly averages range from 13.6 °C (56.5 °F) in January to 28.6 °C (83.5 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 22.6 °C (72.7 °F),[5] the relative humidity is approximately 68%, whereas annual rainfall in the metropolitan area is over 1,700 mm (67 in). Extreme temperatures have ranged from 0 °C (32 °F) to 39.1 °C (102 °F). The last recorded snowfall in the city was in January 1893.


Public transport

Guangzhou Metro

When the first line of the Guangzhou Metro opening in 1997, Guangzhou was the fourth city in Mainland China to have an underground railway system, behind Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai. Currently the metro network is made up of eight lines, covering a total length of 236 km (147 mi). A long term plan is to make the city's metro system expand to over 500 km (310 mi) by 2020 with 15 lines in operation.


Buses, taxis and motorcyles

The Guangzhou Bus Rapid Transit (or GBRT) system which was introduced in 2010, is the world's second largest Bus Rapid Transit system with 1,000,000 passenger trips daily and 26,900 pphpd during the peak hour (second only to the TransMilenio BRT system in Bogota). The system averages 1 bus every 10 seconds or 350 per hour in a single direction contains the world's longest BRT stations - around 260m including bridges.


In 2009, is was reported that all 9,424 buses and 17,695 taxis in Guangzhou would be operating on LPG-fueled by 2010 to promote clean energy for transport and improve the environment ahead of the 2010 Asian Games which were held in the coty. At present, Guangzhou is the city that uses the most LPG-fueled vehicles in the world, and at the end of 2006, 6,500 buses and 16,000 taxis were using LPG, taking up 85% of all buses and taxis.


Effective January 1, 2007, the municipal government has banned motorcycles in urban areas. Motorcycles found violating the ban will be confiscated. The Guangzhou traffic bureau claimed to have reported reduced traffic problems and accidents in the downtown area since the ban.


Air transport

Guangzhou's main airport is the Baiyun International Airport in Huadu District opened on August 5, 2004. This airport is also the 2nd busiest airport in terms of traffic movements in China. It replaced the old Baiyun International Airport, which was very close to the city centre and failed to meet the fast-growing air traffic demand.


Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport now has two runways, with three more planned to be built.


Railway transport

Guangzhou is the terminus of the Jingguang railway (Beijing-Guangzhou), the Guangshen railway (Guangzhou-Shenzhen), the Guangmao railway (Guangzhou-Maoming) and the Guangmeishan railway (Guangzhou-Meizhou-Shantou). In late 2009, the Wuhan–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway started its service, which enables multiple unit trains to cover 980 km (608.94 mi) at an average speed of 320 km/h. In January 2011, the Guangzhou–Zhuhai Intercity Railway started its service at an average speed of 200 km/h (124 mph)



According to the official People's Daily newspaper, Cantonese is the first language for half of the 14 million residents of the provincial capital Guangzhou, while the other half speak mainly Mandarin. Other languages such as Hakka are spoken in significant numbers as well. The migrant population from other provinces of China in Guangzhou is 40 percent of the city's total population in 2008. Most of them are rural migrants and they speak only Mandarin.They have taken on many jobs that the local citizens are unwilling to do



Guangdong has long been a trading port and many imported foods and ingredients are used in Cantonese cuisine. Besides pork, beef and chicken, Cantonese cuisine incorporates almost all edible meats, including offal, chicken feet, duck's tongue, snakes, and snails. However, lamb and goat are rarely eaten, unlike in the cuisines of northern or western China. Many cooking methods are used, with steaming and stir frying being the most favoured due to their convenience and rapidity. Other techniques include shallow frying, double steaming, braising, and deep frying.

For many traditional Cantonese cooks, the flavours of a finished dish should be well balanced and not greasy. Apart from that, spices should be used in modest amounts to avoid overwhelming the flavours of the primary ingredients, and these ingredients in turn should be at the peak of their freshness and quality. There is no widespread use of fresh herbs in Cantonese cooking, in contrast with their liberal use in other cuisines such as Sichuan, European, Thai or Vietnamese. Garlic chives and coriander leaves are notable exceptions, although the latter are usually used as mere garnish in most dishes.


Tourist attractions


l  Guangzhou has a humid, hot sub-tropical climate. The annual average temperature is 21.8 °C (71 °F). Autumn, from October to December, is very moderate, cool and windy, and is the best travel time. There are many tourist attractions around the city which include

l  Xiguan (西关)

l  Chen Clan Academy/Chan Clan Ancestral Hall (陈氏书院/陈家祠)

l  Shamian Island/Shameen Island (沙面岛)

l  Guangdong Provincial Museum (广东省博物馆)

l  Museum of the Mausoleum of the Nanyue King (西汉南越王博物馆)

l  Temple of the Six Banyan Trees (六榕寺)

l  Sacred Heart Cathedral/Stone House (石室圣心大教堂)

l  Huaisheng Mosque (怀圣寺)

l  Temple of Bright Filial Piety (光孝寺)

l  Chime-Long Paradise (长隆欢乐世界)

l  Chime-Long WaterPark (长隆水上乐园)

l  Guangzhou Peasant Movement Institute (广州市农民运动讲习所)

l  Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall (中山纪念堂)



l  Higher educational institutes

l  Sun Yat-sen University (中山大学) (founded in 1924)

l  Jinan University (暨南大学) (founded in 1906)

l  South China University of Technology (华南理工大学)

l  South China Normal University (华南师范大学)

l  South China Agricultural University (华南农业大学) (founded in 1909)

l  Southern Medical University (南方医科大学) (founded in 1951)

l  Guangdong University of Foreign Studies (广东外语外贸大学)

l  Guangdong University of Technology (广东工业大学)

l  Guangdong Pharmaceutical University (广东药学院)

l  Guangdong University of Business Studies (广东商学院)

l  Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine (广州中医药大学)

l  Guangzhou University (广州大学)

l  Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts (广州美术学院)

l  Xinghai Conservatory of Music (星海音乐学院)

l  Guangdong Polytechnic Normal University (广东技术师范学院)

l  Guangzhou Sports University (广州体育学院)

l  Guangzhou Medical College (广州医学院)

l  Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering (仲恺农业工程学院)

l  Guangdong University of Finance (广东金融学院)

l  Guangdong Institute of Science and Technology (广东省科技干部学院)


Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Centre

Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Centre also known as Guangzhou University Town is a large university complex located in the southeast suburbs of Guangzhou. This huge higher education centre occupies the entire Xiaoguwei island in Panyu District, covering an area of about 18 square kilometres. It houses new campuses from ten universities, nine of which still maintain their old campuses in downtown Guangzhou. The whole Higher Education Mega Centre can eventually accommodate up to 200,000 students, 20,000 teachers and 50,000 staff.

Higher education institutions with campuses in the Mega Centre

l  Sun Yat-sen University (中山大学)

l  South China University of Technology (华南理工大学)

l  South China Normal University (华南师范大学)

l  Guangdong University of Technology (广东工业大学)

l  Guangdong University of Foreign Studies (广东外语外贸大学)

l  Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine (广州中医药大学)

l  Guangdong Pharmaceutical University (广东药学院)

l  Guangzhou University (广州大学)

l  Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts (广州美术学院)

l  Xinghai Conservatory of Music (星海音乐学院)